Injunctions

Injunctions are essentially restraining orders. They prevent someone from doing something or coming into contact with another person. The petitioner files an injunction with the court against the respondent.

Petitioner = the person seeking protection from the court.

Respondent = the person who allegedly committed (or threatened to commit) violence.

In Florida, there are four different types of injunctions:

  1. Domestic Violence

  2. Repeat Violence

  3. Sexual Violence

  4. Dating Violence

While different things must be shown for each kind of injunction, the standard is the same for all four.  The petitioner (the one asking for the injunction) must demonstrate to the court by competent substantial evidence that the requisite violence occurred.

Judges (not juries) decide whether to issue an injunction or not.  If the petitioner for injunction is properly filled out and the contents are sufficient to meet the standard, a judge will order a temporary injunction and order a final injunction hearing date be set as soon as possible.  In the meantime, the respondent cannot have any contact with the petitioner and abide by any other orders the judge included in the temporary injunction – such as not allowing the respondent to return home, or ordering the respondent to continue to pay to support the petitioner (and children, where applicable).

During the final injunction hearing, the parties are not required to have attorneys – although we highly suggest it.  When the hearing is held, both sides are entitled to an impartial decision-maker and the opportunity to present their case.  Either side can call witnesses and present evidence.  This is where an attorney can significantly help you present to the court your side of the case.  The rules of evidence and court procedure are relaxed somewhat in injunction hearings, but they do still apply.

Courts may have many injunction hearings set for any given day and your time before the judge may be limited.  Go into the courtroom with the confidence that you have an experienced trial lawyer with the skills and experience to present your case effectively.  At the Fighter Law Firm, we strive to be the most skilled injunction lawyers in Orlando.  We would be honored to help you in your time of need.

FAQs

Can a person lie in a petition for injunction?

Injunctions are important to protect victims from legitimate violence and threats of violence.  Unfortunately, however, people do sometimes lie in their petitions.  There are many different theories as to why people lie and a skilled defense attorney should be able to bring to light any motive or bias a petitioner may have to falsely seek an injunction.

Here are some of the theories clients have presented to me over the years:

  1. Ex-girlfriends or ex-boyfriends may seek revenge on the other out of jealousy or spite.

  2. Spouses going through a divorce in the middle of a heated custody battle over their children think that getting an injunction will win them favor with the family law court or help them get custody of the children.

  3. When a former girlfriend learns her boyfriend has been cheating on her – or vice versa.

  4. When one person simply wants to interfere with the life of the ex and make their life miserable by dragging them back into court over and over.

  5. An ex-boyfriend or ex-girlfriend wants to embarrass the other by making false allegations against them in an open court.

  6. To be able to gain control over the other person.  If a person gets an injunction, all they have to do is call the police claiming the respondent violated the injunction by calling them or coming near them – this often results in the respondent getting arrested.

  7. One person wants to get the other kicked out the house to teach them a lesson.

Which county court should I file my injunction in?

You can file for an injunction in the county where you live (either temporaily or permanently), where the respondent lives, or where the violence occurred.  There is no minimum residency requirement.

What happens if the petitioner does not show up for the final injunction hearing?

Absent exceptional circumstances, the court will usually dismiss or throw out the injunction and the respondent will be free to go.

What happens if the respondent does not show at the final injunction hearing?

If the petitioner indicates to the court that he or she still wants the injunction, the court will usually grant the petition and enter an injunction against the respondent.  The court will want to see proof that the respondent was noticed of the hearing, however.

 Can a party (or parties) seek to amend or later dismiss an injunction that has been entered by a judge?

Yes.  Florida law specifically allows for that.  The party (or parties) must petitioner the court.  But be warned – the injunction will NOT be considered amended or dismissed until the judge signs an order indicated such.

What can the court do to me if they enter an injunction against me?

The court has the authority to order you not to have any contact with the petitioner, to order you to attend classes (including the batterer’s intervention course), to prohibit your owning or possessing any firearms, to have supervised visitation with any children in common and any other conditions the court deems necessary to protect you and/or the petitioner.

Repeat Violence Injunction

To get a repeat violence injunction in Florida, the petitioner is required to demonstrate to the court by competent substantial evidence that there have been two separate incidents of violence or stalking – one of which has to have occurred within the past 6 months.  The two incidents of violence have to be directed at the petitioner or a member of the petitioner’s immediate family.

 Usually this type of injunction is filed in neighbor on neighbor cases, co-worker against another co-worker, friend on friend or other relationships that are not domestic or dating related.

When the court holds the final injunction hearing, it must make findings of fact that there exists circumstances to warrant the issuance of the injunction.  For example, yelling profanities and threats at the petitioner are not always sufficient – even if they occur on more than one occasion.  A Florida court has even held that a respondent’s statement that he had a gun that he wasn’t afraid to use was not sufficient to constitute a threat because there was no overt act that indicated an ability to carry out the threat or to justify a belief that any violence was imminent.  Santiago v. Towle, 917 So.2d 909 (Fla. 5th DCA 2005).